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What Rights do Part-Time Employees have, under the Sabah Labor Ordinance.

Updated: Dec 18, 2022

Many people aren't aware that part-time employees also have rights under the law, even though they work less than full-time.


The Employment Act, the Sabah Labor Ordinance, and the Sarawak Labor Ordinance each have their own rules and regulations protecting part-time workers' rights in their respective jurisdictions.


Within the context of the Sabah Labor Ordinance, the rights of part-time employees are the primary topic of discussion within this article.


很多人不知道,尽管兼职员工的工作时间少于全职,但他们也有法律规定的权利。


《1955年劳工法令》、《沙巴劳工条例》和《砂拉越劳工条例》在各自的管辖范围内都有各自的规则和条例保护兼职员工的权利。


这篇文章主要探讨在沙巴劳工条例的范围内,兼职雇员的权利。


The following set of laws are in place in Malaysia to protect the rights of part-time employees:


  • Employment (Part-time Employees) Regulations 2010 [Employment Act 1955]

  • Labour (Part-Time Employees) (Sarawak) Rules 2013 [Sarawak Labor Ordinance]

  • Labour (Part-Time Employees) (Sabah) Rules 2013 [Sabah Labor Ordinance]

马来西亚有以下三套法律来保护兼职雇员的权利:-


  • 2010年劳工法令(兼职雇员)条例 [1955年劳工法令]。

  • 2013年劳工(兼职雇员)(砂拉越)规则 [砂拉越劳工条例]。

  • 2013年劳工(兼职雇员)(沙巴)规则 [沙巴劳工条例]。


Part-Time Employees in Sabah

This article is limited to discussing the rights of part-time employees about the Labour (Part-Time Employees) (Sabah) Rules 2013 codified under the Sabah Labor Ordinance.


Please refer to the appropriate Rules and Regulations if you are an employee in Sarawak, the Federal Territory, or Peninsular Malaysia.

沙巴州的兼职雇员

本文仅限于讨论有关沙巴劳工条例下编纂的《2013年劳工(兼职雇员)(沙巴)规则》的兼职雇员的权利。


如果你是砂拉越州、联邦直辖区或马来西亚半岛的雇员,请参考相应的规则和条例。



Part-Time Employee: What Is It?

In Malaysia, "employees" can be divided into two categories according to their working hours:-

  • Employee Working Full-Time

  • Non-Full-Time Employees

什么是兼职雇员?

在马来西亚,根据“雇员”的作时间可将他们分为以下两类:


  • 全职工作的雇员

  • 非全职工作的雇员

Non-Full-Time Employees,

Comprised of:

  • Casual Employees,

  • Employees Working from Home, and

  • Part-Time Employees

非全职雇员

又分成:

  • 临时雇员;

  • 在家工作的员工;以及

  • 兼职员工。

Non Application

These Regulations/Rules shall not apply to the following non-full-time employees:-

  • who is employed sporadically or irregularly, as needed, and whose working hours in one week do not exceed 30% of the average hours of work for a full-time employee in one week; and


  • who, regardless of occupation, performs work for an employer in the employee's home (who is also known as a Home Working Employee).

不适用

本条例/细则不适用于以下的非全职雇员:-


  • 根据需要,零星或不定期地被雇用,且一周的工作时间不超过全职雇员一周平均工作时间的30%;以及


  • 无论什么职业,在本身家中为雇主工作的雇员(也被称为在家工作的雇员)。


Who are the Part-Time Employees to whom the Ordinance applies?

Part-time employees who are covered are those whose Normal Working Hours are between 30% and 70% of those of full-time employees.


For instance, if the normal workweek for a full-time employee is 48 hours, a part-time employee's workweek is between 14.4 (48 hours * 30%) hours and 33.6 (48 hours * 70%) hours.


It is crucial to evaluate the normal Working hours compared to those of full-time employees working in a similar capacity in the same enterprise.


本条例适用于哪些兼职雇员?

受保障的兼职雇员是指其正常工作时间在全职雇员的30%至70%之间的雇员。


例如,如果一个全职雇员一周的正常工作时间是48小时,那么兼职雇员一周的工作时间是在14.4(48小时*30%)小时和33.6(48小时*70%)小时之间。


与在同一企业中从事类似工作的全职雇员相比,评估正常工作时间是至关重要的。


The following is an illustration of one method for determining the working hours of a part-time employee:


以下是确定兼职雇员工作时间的方法的说明:-


According to the criteria given in Rule 2 of the Labour (Part-Time Employees) (Sabah) Rules 2013, an employee in the banquet:


  • whose working time per week is less than 14.4 hours is not regarded to be a part-time employee.


  • Employees who work more than 33.6 hours in a week are eligible to be classified as full-time workers.

根据2013年劳工(兼职雇员)(沙巴)规则第2条给出的标准,负责宴席的员工:-


  • 如果每周工作时间少于14.4小时的,将不被视为兼职员工;


  • 如果每周工作时间超过33.6小时,就有资格被列为全职员工。

Normal Hours of Work of Part-Time Employee where Normal Hours of Work of Full-Time Employee cannot be Ascertained

When it is not possible to determine the normal working hours of a full-time employee, or there is no full-time employee employed in a similar capacity in the same organization in a comparable role, the normal working hours of a full-time employee shall be deemed to be:


– 8 hours in 1 day or 48 hours in 1 week.

如果全职雇员正常工作时间无法确定,如何鉴定非全职雇员的正常工作时间

当无法确定全职雇员的正常工作时间,或在同一组织中没有以类似身份受雇于类似角色的全职雇员时,全职雇员的正常工作时间应被视为是:-


- 1天8小时或1周48小时。