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New Part XIIC – Flexible Working Arrangement

Updated: May 18, 2022

Latest Update: 16-5-2022


1. The Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 ("the Bill") was presented on October 25, 2021.
2. Dewan Rakyat approved the Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 on March 21, 2022.
3. Dewan Negara passed the Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 on March 30, 2022.
4. The Employment (Amendment) Act 2022 was gazetted into law on May 10, 2022.

However, [As of 16-5-2022] the Act has not yet come into force.

[In force means that the Act or the secondary legislation has the force of law.]

1. 《2021年就业(修订)法案》("法案")于2021年10月25日在国会提交。
2. 下议院于2022年3月21日批准了《2021年就业(修订)法案》。
3. 上议院于2022年3月30日也通过了《2021年就业(修订)法案》。
4. 作为立法,2022年5月10日,《2022年就业(修正)法案》在宪报上颁布。

然而请注意,[截至2022年5月16日] 此法尚未生效

[生效是指该法或次级立法具有法律效力]。



Background of Flexible Working Arrangements (FWAs)

Workplaces in developed countries such as the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, Europe, the United States of America, Australia, and New Zealand have had flexibility policies in place for quite some time.


In 1967, a company called MesserschmittBolkow-Blohm Bolkow located in Ottobrunn, Germany, was the first to use flexible working hours.


While other companies in Germany utilised a flexible working time programme, this company utilised it for a relatively substantial proportion of its employees.


As a result, in the late 1960s, this company established the scene for intense debate and implementation among many other German enterprises.


弹性工作安排(FWAs)的背景

发达国家如英国、北爱尔兰、欧洲、美国、澳大利亚和新西兰的工作场所,已经有弹性工作安排政策相当长的一段时间了。


1967年,位于德国 Ottobrunn 的一家名为 MesserschmittBolkow-Blohm Bolkow 的公司是第一家使用弹性工作时间的公司。


当德国的其他公司利用灵活的工作时间计划时,这家公司为其相当大比例的员工利用了这一计划。


因此,在20世纪60年代末,这家公司为许多其他德国企业的激烈辩论和实施创造了条件。

It has been estimated that in 1970, between 200 and 300 businesses offered flexible working hours. By 1971, this number had expanded by a factor of 10 to reach two thousand.


This mode of labour was adopted in a number of European nations, and by the year 1975, more than 30% of Switzerland's workforce was organised in accordance with the latest model of employment.


据估计,在1970年,有200到300家企业提供灵活的工作时间。到1971年,这个数字已经扩大了10倍,达到了2000家。


这种劳动模式被一些欧洲国家采用,到1975年,瑞士30%以上的劳动力是按照最新的就业模式组织的。



It has come to everyone's attention that the FWAs have supplanted the traditional notion of a work arrangement in many sections of developed countries.


In contrast to traditional work arrangements, which generally require employees to work at a standard period from 8 am to 5 pm, Monday through Friday, or at their usual workplace, FWA is a variable and changeable work in terms of its schedule or the nature of the working environment.  


Suppose employees had access to the tools and technologies available in the workplace today. In that case, they could complete various duties even when they were not physically present at their place of employment.


大家都注意到,在发达国家的许多地区,弹性工作安排已经取代了传统的工作安排概念。


传统的工作安排一般要求员工在周一到周五的上午8点到下午5点的标准时间段内工作,或者在他们通常的工作场所工作;与此相反,弹性工作安排在时间安排或工作环境的性质上是一种可变和可改变的工作。 


假设员工能够获得今天工作场所中的工具和技术,在这种情况下,即使他们不在工作地点,也可以完成各种职责。




In Malaysia's public sector, flexible working arrangements are already in place.


And there are differences in the policies and procedures for the application of flexible working arrangements between the public and private sectors.


There are only two forms of flexible work arrangements (FWAs) that are available to civil servants in the public sector, and those are staggered working hours and Flexi-place (a work-from-home program).


In June of 2007, in compliance with the Service Circular Number 2 (Public Service Department of Malaysia, 2007), staggered working hours were implemented. This allows the public sector to provide a more flexible attendance system for civil servants.


The beginning and ending times of work for employees are flexible within a range of 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., or 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., with the expectation that they will put in a predetermined total amount of time each day.


马来西亚的公共部门,已经落实弹性工作安排的措施了。


而公共部门和私人界在采用弹性工作安排的政策和程序方面却存在差异。


公共部门的公务员只有两种形式的弹性工作安排(FWAs),即错开工作时间和弹性工作地点(在家工作的方案)。


2007年6月,根据第2号服务通告(马来西亚公共服务部,2007年),实施了错开工作时间。这使得公共部门能够为公务员提供一个更灵活的考勤制度。


雇员的工作开始和结束时间在上午7:30至下午4:30,上午8:00至下午5:00,或上午8:30至下午5:30的范围内灵活安排,并期望他们每天投入的时间总量是预先确定的。