Updated: Oct 17, 2022
The public holidays in Malaysia are regulated at both the federal and state levels, and they are mostly based on a list of federal holidays that are celebrated across the country, as well as a few extra holidays observed by each state and federal territory
It means that in addition to the holidays that are recognised on the federal level, each state is granted the power to designate a certain number of holidays as state public holidays, which are then observed in that state.
The Holidays Act 1951 (Act 369) is the law that rules public holidays in Peninsular Malaysia and Labuan. The Holidays Ordinance (Sabah Cap. 56) and the Public Holidays Ordinance (Sarawak Cap. ) are the laws that govern public holidays in Sabah and Sarawak, respectively.
Section 8 of the Holidays Act 1951
In accordance with Section 8 of the Holidays Act 1951, the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette or in such other manner as he considers fit, appoint a day to be observed as a public holiday or a bank holiday in respect of Peninsular Malaysia, the Federal Territory, or, in respect of a State, after consulting with the State Authority.
Every employer is required to provide their employees a day off with pay on the holiday that was just announced.
Section 9 of the Holidays Act 1951
Pursuant to Section 9 of the Holidays Act 1951, in the case of a Federal Territory or a state, the the Minister or state government may, declare an occasional holiday (also known as a "cuti peristiwa") for special occasions, such as in the aftermath of outstanding sporting accomplishments (Following Johor Darul Takzim's (JDT) victory in the FA Cup on September 10, 2022, the Johor state government has declared that September 11, 2022, will be a state holiday).
With regard to holidays proclaimed under Section 9 of the Holidays Act 1951, in contrast to holidays proclaimed under Section 8 of the same act, private companies or the private sector have the option of choosing whether or not to observe the special holidays declared by the State Government or the Minister of the Federal Territory; however, public institutions such as schools and government offices are required to be close down on these days (save for statewide examinations).
Visit this link to download the Holidays Act of 1951 and the Employment Act of 1955: https://t.me/YourAuditor/2431
也就是说：除国家公共假期外，每个州 [也包括联邦直辖区] 都有权宣布一些在该州或该直辖区内庆祝的州公共假期。
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