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New Section 90B – Forced Labour

Updated: 4 days ago

Latest Update: 16-5-2022


1. The Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 ("the Bill") was presented on October 25, 2021.
2. Dewan Rakyat approved the Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 on March 21, 2022.
3. Dewan Negara passed the Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 on March 30, 2022.
4. The Employment (Amendment) Act 2022 was gazetted into law on May 10, 2022.

However, [As of 16-5-2022] the Act has not yet come into force.

[In force means that the Act or the secondary legislation has the force of law.]

1. 《2021年就业(修订)法案》("法案")于2021年10月25日在国会提交。
2. 下议院于2022年3月21日批准了《2021年就业(修订)法案》。
3. 上议院于2022年3月30日也通过了《2021年就业(修订)法案》。
4. 作为立法,2022年5月10日,《2022年就业(修正)法案》在宪报上颁布。

然而请注意,[截至2022年5月16日] 此法尚未生效

[生效是指该法或次级立法具有法律效力]。



What is forced labour?

Forced labour can be understood as work that is performed involuntarily and under the menace of any penalty.


It refers to situations in which persons are coerced to work through the use of violence or intimidation, or by more subtle means such as manipulated debt, retention of identity papers or threats of denunciation to immigration authorities.


什么是强迫劳动?


强迫劳动可以理解为在非自愿的情况下,在受到任何惩罚的威胁下从事的工作。


它指的是通过使用暴力或恐吓,或通过更微妙的手段,如操纵债务、扣留身份证件或威胁向移民当局告发,迫使人们工作的情况。


The Definition of forced labour

According to the ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) , forced or compulsory labour is:

"all work or service which is exacted from any person under the threat of a penalty and for which the person has not offered himself or herself voluntarily."

强迫劳动的定义

根据国际劳工组织1930年《强迫劳动公约》(第29号),强迫或强制劳动是指:

"在惩罚的威胁下要求任何人从事的所有工作或服务,而这些人并不是自愿的。"

The Forced Labour Protocol (Article 1(3)) explicitly reaffirms the definition.


This definition consists of three elements:

  1. Work or service refers to all types of work occurring in any activity, industry or sector including in the informal economy.

  2. Menace of any penalty refers to a wide range of penalties used to compel someone to work.

  3. Involuntariness: The terms “offered voluntarily” refer to the free and informed consent of a worker to take a job and his or her freedom to leave at any time. This is not the case for example when an employer or recruiter makes false promises so that a worker takes a job he or she would not otherwise have accepted.

《强迫劳动议定书》(第1(3)条)明确重申了该定义。


这个定义包括三个要素:

  1. 工作或服务是指在任何活动、行业或部门中发生的所有类型的工作,包括在非正规经济中。

  2. 任何惩罚的威胁是指用于强迫某人工作的各种惩罚。

  3. 非自愿性:自愿提供 "是指工人在自由和知情的情况下同意接受一份工作,并可在任何时候离开。例如,当雇主或招聘人员作出虚假承诺,让工人接受他或她本来不会接受的工作时,情况就不是这样。

1. Some of the most significant amendments suggested to the Employment Act 1955 as a result of the Employment (Amendment) Bill 2021 ("the Bill") include New Section 90B – Forced Labour


2. New section 90B to provide for the offence of forced labour


3. Any employer who threatens, deceives, or forces an employee to do any activity, service, or work and prevents that employee from proceeding beyond the place or area where such activity, service or work is done, commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.


4. The purpose of this Act is to bring the Employment Act 1955 into line with the requirements of the International Labour Organisation ("ILO"). The ILO indicators can therefore be used as a reference to determine what may constitute forced labour. These indicators include restrictions on freedom of movement, overtime work, withholding of wages or identity documents, physical or sexual violence, threats and intimidation.


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1. 2021年劳工(修正)法案对1955年劳工法令提出的一些重要修正,包括新的第90B条 – 强迫劳动


2. 新的第90B条规定了强迫劳动的罪行


3. 任何雇主如果威胁、欺骗或强迫雇员从事任何活动、服务或工作,并阻止该雇员离开从事该活动、服务或工作的地点或区域,即属犯罪,一经定罪,可处以不超过十万令吉的罚款或不超过两年的监禁,或同时处以这两种处罚。


4. 此法案的目的是使1955年劳工法令与国际劳工组织 (“ILO“) 的要求相一致。因此,国际劳工组织的指标可以作为参考,以确定什么可能构成强迫劳动。这些指标包括限制行动自由、超时工作、扣留工资或身份证件、身体或性暴力、威胁和恐吓。

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