Deferred tax is a type of accounting concept that relates to the difference between a company's tax accounting and financial accounting methods.
It refers to the tax impact of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities on the financial statements and their respective tax bases.
Temporary differences can arise for various reasons, such as differences in the depreciation methods used for financial and tax accounting or revenue recognition for financial accounting and tax purposes.
Deferred tax is calculated by applying the tax rate that is expected to apply when the temporary difference is reversed.
Deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets are reported on the balance sheet as a part of the company's income tax payable or income tax receivable. They represent the tax consequences of events that have already occurred but will be recognised in a future tax period. 递延所得税是一种会计概念，它涉及公司的税务会计和财务会计方法之间的差异。它指的是财务报表上资产和负债的账面价值与其相应的税务基础之间的暂时性差异的税收影响。
suppose a company uses the straight-line method to depreciate a fixed asset in its financial accounting (at a rate of 10%) and the accelerated depreciation method in its tax accounting (at a rate of 100%).
In this case, the asset's carrying value on the financial statements will be higher than its tax base on the tax return (CA Schedule) because the accelerated depreciation method leads to a faster asset value decline.
This creates a temporary difference that requires the calculation of deferred taxes. The company needs to calculate the applicable tax rate that will be in effect when the temporary difference is reversed and use that rate to calculate the deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability.
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